Alcohol Dependence And Genetics

Alcoholism is influenced by both genetic and environmental variables. Dependencies, especially addictions to alcohol have the tendency to run in family groups and it is understood that genes contribute in that procedure. Research study has shown in recent years that people who have/had alcoholic mothers and/or fathers are much more likely to develop the very same condition themselves. Strangely, men have a higher propensity towards alcoholism in this situation than females.



People with reduced inhibitions are at an even greater chance for becoming problem drinkers. The two main attributes for turning into alcoholic come from having a close relative who is an alcoholic and having a high-risk disposition. A person with a high-risk personality is one where he or she has reduced inhibitions and thrives on taking chances in most all situations. If an individual springs from a family group with one or more alcoholics and prefers to take chances, they should recognize that they are at what is considered high likelihood for becoming an alcoholic.

Current studies have ascertained that genetics plays an important function in the advancement of alcohol addiction but the precise genes or hereditary pathways to addiction have not been discovered. At this time, it is thought that the familial tendency towards alcoholism in a person does not ensure that he or she will definitely turn into an alcoholic but instead just means that those people feel the effects of the alcohol more powerfully and rapidly. In impact, the decision of genetic chance is just a decision of higher risk toward the dependency and not always an indication of future alcoholism.

There was a gene learned about in 1990 called the DRD2 gene. This is the first gene that has been shown to have any link toward influencing the outcome of alcoholism in human beings. Once again, considering the way this particular gene works, the person with the DRD2 gene would be believed to have a greater pull towards the results of alcohol compared to someone without the gene but having DRD2 does not guarantee alcohol addiction in the individual.

The pressing desire to detect a gene accountable for alcohol addiction is due in part to the immediate requirement to help identify individuals who are at high chance when they are kids. If this can be determined at an early age and children raised to comprehend that taking that initial drink for them could very likely dispatch them down the roadway to alcohol addiction, it might cut down on the number of alcoholics in the future.

Despite an inherited predisposition towards alcohol addiction, it is still a conscious choice to opt to drink and to get intoxicated. It has been stated that the individual with the hereditary predisposition to alcohol addiction is an alcoholic at birth whether he or she ever takes a drink. Taking the drink initiates the condition into its active stage. The capacity to stop drinking before becoming dependent lies ultimately in the hands of the drinker.

Current research studies have determined that genetics plays an important role in the development of alcoholism but the hereditary pathways or specific genes to dependency have not been found. At this time, it is thought that the familial predisposition toward alcoholism in a person does not ensure that he or she will become an alcoholic but instead just indicates that those people feel the results of the alcohol more powerfully and rapidly. Once again, keeping in mind the method this specific gene works, the person with the DRD2 gene would be thought to have a higher pull for the effects of alcohol compared to someone without the gene but having DRD2 does not ensure alcohol addiction in the person.

The immediate desire to discover a gene responsible for alcohol addiction is due in part to the pressing need to help discover individuals who are at high risk when they are adolescents.

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